Understanding and Types of Conjunction Sentences

Understanding and Types of Conjunction Sentences
Conjunctions or conjunctions are words used to connect words with words, clauses with clauses, or sentences with sentences (Chaer, 2000: 140). From this understanding, the conjunctions are very necessary to clarify the sentences, because the conjunctions are signs of written language that are influential in making sentences or essays. A description essay will be difficult to understand if the description essay is not affixed with conjunctions.
Students often lack understanding of conjunctions in an essay, even though every day they are in school will surely meet with writing and reading activities, be it reading textbooks or writing an essay. Although many books that discuss the use of Indonesian language are good and right, but the reality is still often found in the use of conjunctions that are not right.
One of the reasons according to the standard grammar is the unfamiliar strategy of making sentences. The making of this paper is not only to fulfill the task of Indonesian, but also serves as knowledge of the use of good and correct grammar.

Definition of Conjunction
Conjunction (conjunctions) is a task word whose function is to connect between clauses, intersalimatimat, and between paragraphs. Intermediate conjunctions are usually located in the middle of sentences, while interconnected conjunctions at the beginning of a sentence (after the dot, question mark, and exclamation mark), while the conjunctions between paragraphs are located at the beginning of a paragraph.

Examples of Conjunctions:
Farida was reading and her sister was playing chess.
I want to leave when my homework is done.
You leave now or you miss the train.
Conjunction can also connect 2 words or phrases. Conjunctions such as and and or, for example, can be used to form phrases such as:

Toni and Ali
life or death
Conjunctions in Indonesian can be grouped into intra-sentence conjunctions and inter-sentence conjunctions. Intralimatetic conjunctions (between clauses) are words that connect parent clauses and child clauses. In intracalimat conjunction (between clauses) there are also 2 types of conjunctions or conjunctions, namely coordinative conjunctions and subordinative conjunctions. While the conjunction between sentences is a word that connects one word to another. The following explanation of intra and inter-sentence conjunctions.

Intra-sentence Conjunction
Intra-sentence conjunction (Inter-Clause) Is a word that connects the parent clause and the child clause. The conjunctions between clauses are usually located in the middle of a sentence. In intra sentences (between clauses) there are also two types of conjunctions or conjugations, namely: Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunction
i.e. a conjunction connecting two or more clauses that have equal status, including: and, or, but, whereas, but, then, then, though.
Example sentences with coordinating conjunction:

He cried and his wife sobbed.
He is looking for me and my sister.
I come to your house or you come to my house.
Me or you who will pick up Mother?
He cried, but his wife was silent.
Actually Kartini is smart, but.
If one or both of them will be stated, then people often use two conjunctions simultaneously, i.e. and / or with a slash between the two words.

We invite the Chairperson and / or
The deans and / or assistant deans of the first are asked to attend.
Subordinate Conjunction
Subordinative conjugations, i.e. conjunctions connecting two or more clauses that are not equal in degree, including: when, since, if, if, so, let me, like, so that, after, if, like, like, because. Following are the types of subordinative conjunctions.

Example sentences with subordinate conjunctions:
Mr. Buchori died when the doctor arrived.
I will make the pilgrimage if my land sells.
I will definitely forgive him if he wants to admit his mistake.
Narto must study hard to move up the class.
He was afraid of me as if I were his enemy.
Today he did not enter the office because
Ali did not want to pay his debts, even though he had money.

Types of Conjunctions Based on Function

Types of Conjunctions Based on Function
This word functions to "strengthen opposing" used in parts with the first clause in equivalent compound sentences while even in the clause included particles. Example:
Let alone walking, I could not even stand
Never mind a thousand, seripiah did not have
The Connectivity "but"

This word functions to express "correction or correction" used between two clauses. The first kluasa is generally accompanied by an ungrateful not, and is placed on the face of the sentence which is to be corrected.
Example: We are not mocking, but saying it is

Adjectives "only"
The conjunctions are only used with the following rules: To state "merge-exclude" is used between two clauses. Example:

Everyone agrees, only he disagrees
We were all ready to transmigrate, only he who was still hesitant

Types of Conjunctions Based on Function
Additive Conjunction (combined)
Additive conjunction (joint) is a coordinative conjunction that functions to combine two words, phrases, clauses or sentences in an equal position, for example: and, again, anyway, and as well.

Conflict Conflict
Conflict Conjunction is a coordinating conjunction that connects two equal sentence parts by contrasting the two parts. Usually the second part occupies a more important position than the first, for example: but, however, but rather, on the contrary, whereas, though, and yet.

Disjunctive Conjunction (optional)
Conjunction of choice is a coordinating conjunction that connects two equal elements by choosing one of two or more things, for example: or, or ... or, or, well ... well ..., and whether ... either ...

Temporal Conjunction time
The time conjunction describes the time relationship between two things or events. The following temporal conjunction words describe an unequal relationship, for example: if, if, when, for, up to, when, while, before, until, from, since, during, since, while, while, time, after, after , and when. While the following conjunctions connect two equal sentence parts, for example before and after.

Final Conjunction (goal)
The conjunction of goals is a kind of modality conjunction that explains the purpose and purpose of an event, or action. The words commonly used to express this relationship are: in order, in order, for, and in order.
Conjunction Cause (causality). Conjunction Cause explains that an event happened because of a certain cause. If a clause is marked by a conjunction of cause, the parent sentence is the result. The words used to express the relationship of cause are cause, cause, cause and therefore.
Conjunction Due (consecutive). Conjunction due to explain that an event occurs due to something else. In this case the clause is marked by a conjunction stating the effect, while the event is stated in the parent sentence. The words used to signify conjunctions of effects are so that, to, and their effects.
Conjunction Terms (conditional). Conjunction conditions explain that something can happen if the conditions stated are fulfilled. The words that state this relationship are if, if, if, provided, if, and whenever.
Unconditional Conjunction. The word unconditional liaison explains that something can happen without the need for conditions to be met. The words included in this conjunction are though, though, and even though.

Comparison Conjunction. The conjunction of comparison functions to connect two things by comparing them. The words that are often used in this conjunction are as, as, as, as, as, as, as if, as if, as an example, and rather than.
Correlative Conjunction. Correlative conjunction is a conjunction that connects 2 words, phrases, or clauses; and both elements have the same syntactic status. Correlative conjunction consists of 2 parts separated by one of the words, phrases, or clauses that are connected. Example: both ... and ..., (or) ... not only ..., but (...) also ... likewise (likeness) ... so that ... what (whether) ... or ... never mind ..., ... even ... For clarity, continue to the next slide.
Correlative conjunction Example in sentence: Both Mr. Anwar and his wife do not like smoking. Not only must we agree, but we must also obey. Not only him but I also participated. Both you, your wife, and your in-laws will receive souvenirs. Whether agreed or not, he will still propose his ideas. Let alone other people, their own parents were not respected.
Affirmation Conjunction (strengthen or intensification). This conjunction serves to confirm or summarize a part of the sentence that has been mentioned before. Included in the conjunction of things that state the details. The words included in this conjunction are even, moreover, namely, that is, for example, for example, in short, and finally.
Explanatory Conjunction (settlement). The explanatory conjunction functions to link the part of the previous sentence with the details. An example of a word in this conjunction is that.
Conjunction Justification (consessive). The justification conjunction is a subordinative conjunction that connects two things by justifying or acknowledging one thing, while rejecting the other thing marked by the conjunction. Justification is stated in the main clause (main sentence), while rejection is stated in clauses that are preceded by conjunctions such as, although, though, despite, even if, however, though, and even though.
Sequence Conjunction. This conjunction states the order of things. The words included in this conjunction are first, then, and then.
Conjunction Restrictions. This conjunction expresses a limitation on something or within the limits to which an action can be carried out, for example except, apart from, and origin.
Mark Conjunction. This conjunction states the marking of something.
the words in this conjunction are, for example, examples and examples. Other conjunctions that are still signaling conjunctions are priority sign conjunctions. Examples of these conjunctions are important, basic, primary, and most important.
Situation Conjunction. Situation conjunctions describe an action occurring or taking place in certain circumstances. The words used in this conjunction are moderate, whereas, though, and while.

Conjunction Between Sentences

Conjunction Between Sentences
Conjunctions between sentences are words that connect one sentence to another sentence. In its use, conjunctions between sentences state different meanings, including: therefore, before that, however, however, except, except for that, after that, in addition, on the contrary. Conjunction between sentences at the beginning of a sentence (after a period, an exclamation point, or a question mark). Following is an example of interalimatic conjunction.

Conjunction Function
Conjunction function connects:

Word by word.
Phrases with phrases.
Clause with clause.
Sentence by sentence.
Paragraphs with pragraphs (conjunctions between paragraphs are called transitions)
The Adjectives "and"
These conjunctions to express "ordinary combination" are used in the following sections:
Between two verbs

They eat and drink in class
Mother washed and ironed our clothes
Between two clauses (sentence parts) in a compound sentence / area

I want the piano and my sister to play the violin
Ali studied English and his brother studied Arabic

Adjectives "with"
It functions as an "ordinary joint" statement, it can also be used between two objects. Example:
He and his son have arrived
I cut with scissors.
The conjunctions "as well"
This functions as an "ordinary combination" statement used between two nouns. Example:
Brother and grandmother will come next week
Your money and my money should we put it together for venture capital.
"Or" conjunctions
This word functions as a statement "choose" can be used between the following sections.
Two nouns or noun phrases Example:
An engineering degree or a literary degree is equally important in development.

Two verbs Example:
In war like that there are no other thoughts, kill or be killed.
Two adjectives that have opposite meanings. Example:
Rich or poor before God makes no difference

The Adjective "but"
This word functions as a statement "combining contradictions" used between the following sections.
Two adjectives that are contrasted in a sentence. Example:
The child is smart but lazy
He is stupid but diligent
Two clauses whose subject points to a common identity while the predicate are two contrasting adjectives. Example:
The house is big and beautiful, but the yard is narrow
That child is stupid, but his heart is honest

Adjectives "however"
This word has the function of "combining contrast" used between two sentences. The first or previous sentence contains a union and the second sentence contains a statement that contrasts with the first sentence. Example:
Since we were small, we raised our care, we educated, and we educated them. However, after he became a big man he forgot us.
After Lebaran, many offices are still quiet. The employees just sit around, chat, or read the newspaper. However, they remained in place until office hours.

Adjectives "while"
This word functions to "combine contrast or contrast" used between two clauses. Example:
The father became a doctor at the puskesmas, while his mother became a midwife.
We worked hard to fix the broken embankment, while the two of them just sat on their hands.

The conjunction "opposite"
This word is opposite to the function of stating "combining opposites expressly" can be used between two clauses or between two sentences. Example:

In front of us he is indeed friendly. Conversely, far from us arrogant not playing.
The river mouth is wide and shallow. Conversely, in the upper reaches of the river it is narrow and deep.
The Adjective "even"
This word functions "connect strengthen" can be used between two sentences. Example:
That child is really naughty. Even his mother had cheated him.
He is very good at holding secrets. Even we ourselves don't know.
Connecting words "after all"
For example: Let's just eat at this restaurant, the food is delicious, the price is cheap, and the service is satisfying.
Connecting words "what else"
This word has the function of saying "to strengthen strengthen" used at the beginning of additional information or additional sentences. Example:
You don't even know about high school graduates, especially since I only graduated from elementary school
Roads in the capital are often jammed. Especially during rush hour.
The connecting word "even then"
This word functions to "combine strengthen" can be used between two sentences whose mandate is in line. The first sentence is generally preceded by words with conjunctions only.
Example: Only five people attended the meeting. Even then, two of them will leave the meeting before it is finished.
The connecting word "never mind”

Definition and Paragraph Elements

Definition and Paragraph Elements
Paragraphs: Definition, Elements, Requirements, Functions, Characteristics, and Types along with Examples in Complete - In a book about anything, surely you will find a paragraph of every writing in the book. But do you know what is meant by paragraph ??? If you don't know it, you are absolutely right to visit gurupendukasi.com. Because on this occasion we will discuss about the definition of paragraphs, paragraph elements, paragraph requirements, paragraph features, and types of paragraphs and their full function. Therefore, let us consider the review below.

Paragraph Definition
Paragraph is a collection of sentences that contain about one main idea or main idea. A good paragraph will help readers and writers to create good articles and improve them. Without an order to convey ideas or ideas in the paragraphs of an article or paper will make the writing you make invisible and will confuse the reader and even the writer to continue to develop the article.
Other definitions, paragraphs are compilers of all articles or papers. Many students think that the definition of a paragraph has a limit in the length of a sentence that is: a paragraph is a group of sentences consisting of at least 5 sentences and some even interpret the paragraph as half of the page.
In Lunsford and Connor explained that paragraphs are as a collection of sentences or group of sentences or one sentence that forms a unit. The length and appearance of a section of scientific writing is not a criterion of a paragraph. As a brief example, a paragraph in a journalistic writing style can consist of one sentence that is long enough (from point to point). Therefore, the understanding of paragraphs is a sentence or group of sentences or groups of sentences or a combination of sentences that initiate a main idea.

Paragraph Elements
1. Main topics / ideas
The main topic or idea is the most important element because this is the soul or content of the whole paragraph. These elements are usually in the form of problems or ideas of authors who want to be conveyed to their readers.

2. Main Sentences
The second paragraph builder element is the main sentence. This sentence is a sentence that contains a main idea that is placed implicitly. The main sentence is a sentence that is general in nature. This is because it can be developed further with explanatory sentences.

3. Supporting sentences
Supporting sentences are sentences that contain explanatory ideas. This sentence has a function to strengthen or support the main ideas that are in the main sentence by providing data in the form of facts, examples, opinions, and others.

4. Transition
In order to become a coherent paragraph, the sentences in the paragraph are arranged using transitions or conjunctions. There are two types of conjunctions commonly used, namely inter-sentence conjunctions and intra-sentence conjunctions.
Intra-sentence conjunction is a conjunction that connects the parent sentence and clause. Examples are "and", "but", "because", "so", and so forth.
Conjunction between sentences is a conjunction that connects between sentences in a paragraph. Examples are; "After all", "Therefore", "Moreover", "However", "Besides that", and others.

5. Affirmation
The last element is the affirmation. This element is not very important in a paragraph because not all paragraphs have an emphasis. The function of this affirmation is to increase the appeal of a paragraph, avoid boredom when reading it, and as a confirmation or repeater of the main idea.

Example Exposition Paragraph

Example Exposition Paragraph
"Organizations need strong cooperation so they can run well. Like a moving car due to car engines and other components that work together. The organization also needs components such as the organization's chairman, deputy chairman, secretary, treasurer, public relations and group members. They are what drives the organization. As in a car if one is not there or damaged, it will hamper the way the car can not even run at all. Likewise with the organization, all parties have certain functions and tasks that will interfere with the organization's operation, if one of them is absent or not working. Even the smallest parts like members are very important positions in the organization. "

Narrative paragraphs
Narrative paragraph is a paragraph that tells an event or event in which there is the subject of the perpetrators of the time as well as the story line. The characteristics of this paragraph are, arranged in chronological order in the form of a forward or reverse flow. Contains events that tell of an action or action. Having the elements of a story such as characters, settings, conflicts and perspectives of the author. In this paragraph, the youngest characteristic is that there are quite a number of direct sentences. And the writing has a creative and aesthetic style so that it can make the reading more interesting.

Example Narrative Paragraph:
"Stevanus was born in Ulm in W├╝rttemberg, Germany; about 100 km east of Stuttgart. His father's name was Stevanus lucas, a fur bed seller who then went on to electrochemical work, and his mother named maria. They married in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt. Their family is of Jewish descent; Stevanus was sent to a Catholic school and at the wish of his mother he was taught violin lessons. "

Paragraph Arguments
Argument paragraph is a paragraph expressing an opinion or idea that has a supporting reason. The characteristics of the main sentence in the form of an opinion or idea conveyed by the author. The opinion expressed is usually in the form of something that attracts the reader and creates controversy in the community.
Accompanied by explanatory sentences in the form of strong reasons and supported by facts, examples, statistical data, graphs to further convince the reader. And ends with a logical conclusion and based on the main ideas conveyed at the beginning of the sentence.

Example Argument Paragraph:
"The cost of education in Indonesia is very expensive. Even though the government has provided assistance, students still have to pay some costs for school needs, such as clothes, books, and so on. The high cost of education is not only limited to elementary schools, but up to college. Even the cost of studying on campus is very very expensive because the government does not provide direct assistance to universities. Many children who after graduating from high school prefer to look for a job instead of continuing in college. As a result, education in Indonesia is uneven and concentrated only on people who can afford it. As for those who are less able, higher education is just a wish. "

Persuasion paragraphs
Persuasion paragraphs are paragraphs that contain invitations that have the purpose of making the reader take action. Persuasion paragraphs have strong reasons accompanied by data and facts. This paragraph tries to convince the reader to do or trust what was written by the author. Persuasion paragraphs use a lot of solicitation words like come on, come on and so forth. Usually prioritizes agreement of opinion and avoids conflicts so that the reader's trust is not lost.

Examples of Persuasion Paragraphs:
"Education is the most important thing in life, both formal and informal education. With education we can get and be whatever we want. Education can also lead us to a better life. We can achieve education by studying hard both at school, at home and in other places. If we do not study seriously and actively, of course what we do is only in vain because nothing can be achieved by actions that are not real. As a result we cannot reach the ideals. Therefore, let us study hard and earnestly so that we can achieve our goals. "

Paragraph Requirements

Paragraph Requirements
A good paragraph is a paragraph that can convey thoughts well to the reader. The terms of the paragraph must have the following conditions:

1. Unity
What is meant by unity is that a paragraph must be built with a clear mind. One thought is described in the form of main thoughts and several clear thoughts. The relationship of one mind to another thought indicates that the paragraph already has unity

2. Integrity (Coherence)
Integration is manifested in the compact relationship between sentences forming paragraphs. Good integration occurs if the interrelationships between sentences are reasonable and easy to understand. There are several ways for paragraphs to have a compact cohesion, namely by using pronouns, conjunctions, as well as details and order of thought.

3. Completeness
A paragraph is complete if it contains enough explanatory sentences to support the main sentence.

Paragraph Function
Functioning to express ideas in written form by providing a form of thoughts and feelings with a series of sentences that are arranged logically in a unity.
Serves to mark the transition of new ideas for essays consisting of several paragraphs, changing paragraphs means changing minds as well.
Serves to facilitate the organization of ideas for those who write and provide easy understanding for readers
Serves to facilitate the development of essay topics into smaller mind units.
Serves to facilitate the control of variables, especially essays consisting of several variables.
Paragraph Feature
The nod / position is rather deep, into five spaces beats for the usual type of essay.
the paragraph uses the main thoughts expressed in the topic sentence
Topic sentences and the rest are developer sentences as explanatory functions, describe or explain the main thoughts contained in the topic sentence.
Paragraphs use explanatory thoughts expressed in explanatory sentences.

Type of Paragraph
1. Paragraph Description
Description paragraph is a paragraph that tells or explains something clearly. The paragraph description can be characterized by characteristics, among others, this paragraph describes an object such as objects, places, or certain atmosphere using the five senses (hearing, sight, smell, taste, and touch. Things that are described from the object in the form of features physical characteristics and properties of certain objects such as color, size, shape, and personality.In this type of paragraph often found words or phrases that mean circumstances or adjectives.

Example Paragraph Descriptions are as follows:
"The table that my father bought for Ari as a birthday present has arrived. The table is made of teak wood. The table is about 75 cm in width and is about 50 cm wide by 1.5 meters long. This light brown colored table looks very well suited to Ari's slightly dark study room. This table has 2 cabinets, one on the left and the other on the right. With the support of the feet makes this table comfortable to use for learning. "

2. Exposition Paragraph
Exposition paragraphs are paragraphs that describe ways or instructions so that the reader understands the reading clearly. The characteristics of this paragraph are that there is a definition or understanding of the terminology from a topic of discussion. No element of inviting or influencing. In the form of informative paragraphs, meaning that it can provide an information to the reader. Usually this paragraph has clear data details to support the information submitted.

Definition of Westernization and Western Definition

Definition of Westernization and Western Definition
Westernization, as well as oxidization or Europeanization, is a process where people are under the influence or adoption of Western culture in various fields such as industry, politics, law, technology, life force, eating style, language, clothing, philosophy, language, religion, and values the other.

What are the symptoms of westernization?
Western definition
"West" was originally defined as the Western world. Ancient Rome distinguishes between Oriental (Asian or Eastern) cultures which are now distinguished in Egypt and Occidental cultures in the West. A thousand years later, the East-West Schism separates your Catholic Church from the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Western Civilization is usually said to be yaiyu: Main States (Canada and U.S.) Europe (European Union, EFTA Countries, Micro European countries), New Iceland and Australia.
The meaning is often extended, and can include these countries, or a combination of these countries.
European Countries Outside the EU and EFTA
Mainly due to their membership in the Council of Europe, European Regional Policy, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and other organizations, these countries are Western definitions. They also spread the main European culture towards EU countries.

Latin America
Only a few in Latin America are considered to be Western countries, mostly because most of the population is of European descent (Spanish and Portuguese settlers and then immigration from other European countries). As well as the community they operate in the way of high Westernization. Most countries in Latin America use Spanish or the language of protection as their official language. According to the CIA, there are also immigrants in Latin America from other European countries besides Portugal and Spain, (for example, from Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, etc. See Immigration to Argentina, Immigration to Chile or Immigration to Brazil.).

Although geographically only 3% of Turkey is in Europe, Turkey has a similar economic system, has a customs union with the European Union in addition to being an official candidate for membership, as well as members of Western-style organizations such as the OECD, NATO and the European Council. The country is often a member of organizations for European cultural and sports events such as UEFA and the Eurovision Singing Contest.

Although Israel is geographically located in the Middle East south of Lebanon, Israel has a variety of Jewish immigrants from Western countries such as Canada, the United States, France, the United Kingdom and Germany. This country is a member of the OECD. The country is often a member of organizations for European cultural and sporting events such as UEFA and the Eurovision Singing Contest.

Although geographically geographically Lebanon is in the northern Middle East region of Israel, Lebanon has at least 40% of Christians who are strongly socially influenced and cultured from Western countries (mainly France which has historical links at the beginning of the Salin state in the Tripoli Region founded by Raymond IV of Toulouse who occupied as large as Lebanon at this time, the French heritage of Lebanese society is knowledge of French).

Japan and South Korea
Although Japan and South Korea are geographically present in East Asia, they have a democratic form of government, a free market economic system, high standards of living and major contributions to Western science and technology, and are interpreted as "hibdra," "semi-Western" countries. modern and growing.

south Africa
Because of the very high influence of European culture in places like South Africa.

Examples of leaders who carry out Westernization
Emperor Meiji
Mustafa Kemal Atat├╝rk
Peter the Great
Emperor Gojong
Sun Yat-sen
Emperor Guangxu
Mikhail Gorbachev
Deng Xiaoping
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Reza Shah Pahlav